關鍵字： 艾咪•古特曼 民主教育 深思熟慮 愛德華•波諾 水平思考法
The purpose of this study is to reflect democratic educational practice in Taiwan based on Amy Gutmann’s theory of democratic education. In her book, she maintains that deliberation as the democratic virtue to be cultivated in our educational process. She discusses four types of political states with educational authority in state, parents, individual and individual with deliberation thinking. These four states are the family state, the state of families, the state of individuals and democratic state. While she emphases the last type, two principles are foundation of sustaining such state. They are principles of non-repression and non-discrimination.
Upon reflection democratic educational practice in Taiwan, one suggestion is to borrow Edward de Bono’s lateral thinking practices in order to increase students’ ability of deliberation thinking.
Keywords: Amy Gutmann, democratic education, deliberation, Edward de Bono, lateral thinking.