This paper tries to explain the meaning and the ideal value of “zhong he” in Zhongyong, provide a theory of value based on the foundation of “zhong he”, and display its meanings in a modern society. In Zhongyong, the concept of “zhong he” includes the ethical and metaphysical thought. The word “zhong” means the most proper states of the actions, and the word “he” means the most harmony in the relationship. These ideas came from Confucius. From a metaphysical view, “zhong” means the root of cosmos, and “he” means the unobstructed way of universe. From the view of humanity, “zhong he” means human tendency and the well controlled emotions. These meanings are developed by the Zisi school of Confucianism.
The metaphysical root of “zhong he” represents the objective source of value. “Zhong he” refers the theory of value of the human nature, it also represents the subjective requirement of value. To control the motives in accordance with the source of value and to extend the good way to the external world represents the practicing in the concrete situations at the internal world and the external world. This ideal personality was continuously being discussed by the thinkers in the Song and Ming dynasty.
“Zhong he” thought asks to obey the goodness of the internal and external worlds and the extending the good to the whole cosmos. That is the high degree to ask the value of the goodness which is the ideal of value. The people in modern society lack the value judgments. The thought of “zhong he” could set the standards of value judgments, and this ideal value could be the model of personality in the modern society.
Keywords: zhong he, Zhongyong, value, personality, model