"Self" is a very important philosophical concept. "The problem of the self " defines " the conception of the self" truly and theoretically and proposes it from philosophical perspectives. "Self" is also one of the themes of human philosophy in Zhuangzi. Researches are consists of the expression of "self" which is used commonly in Zhuangzi as follows: I, self, me, body, and heart (or mind) etc. So this research tries to use “the conception of the self” and compare the possible differences of it between Zhuangzi’s and Western philosophy in three ways: the self of entity, soul and consciousness.
Based on analysis, " the conception of the self " is not merely an issue of metaphysics, but it is also a practical and ethical problem in the reality. “Self” presents the process of moving from a single entity to a multivariate subject, from inner eternity to external interaction. The idea of self in zhuangzi seems as a state of human being’s generational change, which is essentially a continuous construction as well as the multiple and connected nature. Therefore, this study aims to explore “self” how to treat myself and other things, and how to reflect on interactions - that is, what "self" should be for myself (The question is not what is “being”, but ”becoming”).
From the analysis of “the conception of the self”, we can sort out the deep-seated predicament faced by “the problem of the self” in theory and practice, including the bondage of “shape-typed self”, the dualistic opposition of “cognitive self”, and the real dilemma of living methods of “virtual self”. Therefore, "the predicament of the self " is about secession, separation, limitation, negation and even extinction and transcendence of "self." It is the conflict between the "inner" and the "outside" of the self; it is also the chaos and absurdity of self which are viewed from different perspectives of time and space; eventually, it leads to the world of meaning confuse. At the same time, "the predicament of the self "in Zhuangzi is embodied in the real dilemma of living beings in the form of “mind and body” “Tao and morality” and the relationship between "I and me", " thing and person", "self and other" as well as the debate between “humanized self” and “liberalized self”.
For the solution of " the predicament of the self ", " the conception of the self " in western is limited to the subjective and objective dichotomy and the entity's subject. Even if there is transcendence from subjectivity to objectivity (from the inside to the outside) and from subjectivity to society, it is difficult to fill in the division of dichotomy and to extend the boundless sphere from oneself.
The idea of self in zhuangzi has a subjective nature, but it is not a dominant self. Instead, it is the self-adaptation to put into the interaction. The process of “being lost” is not to find the essential self, but to have the ability to determine a happy life and obtain free will. “To lost my self” is to break away from the concept of self that binds us and adopt a multi-centered and interactive approach to find the most appropriate way of existence. This conception of self transcends the first person's point of view, and uses theFsecond person's point of view to deal with the relationship between the other and the world. And it transcends from subjectivity to objectivity with the third person's point of view that looks at each other repeatedly between one’s and other standpoint so as to resolve "the predicament of the self ". For this reason, The idea of self in zhuangzi goes out of itself and let the world come in. This path from the outside to the inside also presents a retreat and reappearance of "self," which eventually creates a new pluralistic body and completes the transcendence of "self."
Keywords：Zhuangzi, the conception of the self, the solutions to the predicament of the self, I lost my self, the transcendence of self