The concept of political forgiveness is to achieve the coexistence of different communities. The concept is often used by transitional justice policy, but it is also often to be misunderstood as denying to investigate the truth and responsibilities, or being confused with a kind of regular concept of forgiveness. Those misunderstandings give rise to many kinds of criticizing on political forgiveness. In Derrida’s On Forgiveness, he distinguishes between conditional and unconditional forgiveness and argues that political forgiveness is not an authentic concept of forgiveness.
In my paper, I will defend the concept of political forgiveness in two ways. One way is by showing that political forgiveness doesn’t mean to deny the investigation of the truth and responsibilities, and the other is to retrace to Arendt’s political theory, which is the first theory to view forgiveness as an important element in politics, to respond to the criticisms from Derrida. By explaining the using of political forgiveness in politic of transitional justice and proving that the concept of political forgiveness is not contradictory with the concept of forgiveness, I conclude the meaning and the necessary application of political forgiveness in transitional justice.
Keywords：Political Justice, Transitional Justice, Hannah Arendt, Jacques Derrida