LaoTzu’s Tao Te Ching is basically political philosophy. “The State should be small, and its inhabitants should be few” is his political ideal, it can be compare with the thought of “Utopia”. However, his political thought was misinterpreted as political tactics, even as “obscurantism”. Is it true? This article will prove LaoTzu do not proclaim obscurantism, on the other hand, He proclaim that the ruler should love the people.
“Inaction” (letting things take their own course) is then the method that used by LaoTzu to achieve his political ideal. “Inaction” is the core of LaoTzu’s political philosophy, which contains the spirit of free, equality and democracy, which is against tyranny.
This article is trying to return LaoTzu’s political philosophy to the original shape, and expect to discover the value of his thought, and then apply it to the modern society.
Key Words：LaoTzu, political philosophy, Tao, Inaction, The State should be small and its inhabitants should be few, obscurantism