In The Semiotic Challenge, Roland Barthes states: “Human space in general (not only urban space) has always been a signifying space.” The ideas presented in my paper derive from the connection between linguistics and semiology; however, we will depart from the common methods of research which focus on the reality of signs, and discuss the studies and research which theorize that space is sign. Through the research in semiology, we will clarify some interesting relationships between the two concepts, in order to structure the issue of space in semiology. This will help create and develop a completely different approach to research in semiology.
This paper will focus on discussion of the subject and the object; not only the relationship between them, but also the form of space that exists, and this way will be more effective and will more clearly grasp the truth of the concept and meaning of signs. On the other hand, when the subject researches into the object which is the sign, one can easily find a limitation in the part already presented, thus making it difficult to find and develop other routes and possibilities for describing the object.
In order to solve this issue, this paper will try to utilize the ideas of Barthes that derive from and are based on Saussure, and seek a new method of study and application. In Saussure’s Course in General Linguistics we can find the first bases for ideas about semiology as proposed by the author; furthermore, those discussions would have a very important influence on the development and structure of the writings of Barthes. So, we will try to bring the two sides together and create a clear and solid whole.
Generally, when the subject uses signs, not only does he express his own ideas and values to describe the object, but will take advantage of this space to grasp the myth that is hidden within. When someone enters a place, they will usually only notice what is presented before them, and ignore the space designed by the subject, even though analysis of that space would offer more detailed information. When we face and deal with the underlying myth behind the object, we can then modify the space, remove the limitations that existed, and so build up a new space and myth in its place. We can take the differences between the “old” and the “new” space, and the forms of their myths, and then debate the relationship between the subject and the object; using signs and space, we can find out the role and value of the space and the myth. From this, we may establish and develop a new direction for philosophy debate.
Keywords:Saussure, Barthes, sign, space, myth, language, speech, signifier, signified, syntagmatic relation, associative relation.