Lao zi’s philosophy of life is based on the foundation of Tao, by which the values of life are unfolded, the dynamics of Life philosophy are initiated; moreover, the everlastingness, transcendence, and singularity of Tao have constituted the norm of the values of Life philosophy. This project is initiated by a series discourses of Tao. However, “Man models himself after Earth, Earth models itself after Heaven, Heaven models itself after Tao, And Tao models itself after Nature.” Therefore, the notion of “natural inactiveness” of “Tao follows itself” is one of the crucial characteristics of Lao zi’s philosophy, and becomes the core notion of Lao zi’s philosophy at the same time.
In Lao zi’s philosophy, the notions concerning to “perfect-life and preserving body,” “long-life and everlasting conceiving,” “the meanings of life and death,” and “ways of protecting life,” are important issues of our human life. Here, Lao zi provides us significant insights. In addition, “the ultimate good,” “the ultimate virtue,” and, particularly, “the characters and virtues of the Saint” are honorable paradigm of human beings from which we can learn. However, by the ministries of “ the natural way,” our living world could attain to an ideal world of “small country and few people.” This is the fundamental issue of Lao zi’s philosophy of life.
At last, Lao zi has revealed his excellent logic of thinking way by the eternal way, “reversal is the action of Tao, weakness is the function of Tao,” and, by the principle of “straight wors seem to be their opposite,” he wisely points out that the persons who have perfect moral virtues, outstanding intelligence, and diplomatic speech, should behave as being “incomplete,” “empty,” “inward,” “unable,” and “awkward”; that is, we should not concentrate ourselves on the outward manifestation, but the inclusiveness of inner life.
Key words： Tao, the eternal way, Natural,acting without action, perfect-life and preserving body, long-life and everlasting conceiving, reversal is the action of Tao, weakness is the function of Tao, straight words seem to be their opposite.