>>鍾曉彤--論文摘要下載(pdf格式)

 

荀子的人性論與理想社會研究

 

摘要
 

   

本論文目的在證成荀子以心作為道德實踐的主體,並且成功的開展一條更容易實踐的道德理論。證成的方式是以荀子的人性論與理想社會的關係作為研究主體,探討荀子是否能從人性論合理的建構理想社會,以實踐他的道德理想。因此在第二章與第三章中,將分別剖析荀子的人性論與理想社會的結構,在第四章中,透過層層比較人性論與理想社會的關係,以證明荀子能以心知禮的方式,走出另一條不同於孟子的道德實踐之路。最後本論文將指出道德內在性並非是完成道德實踐的唯一路徑,事實上,雖然荀子的心缺少當下自覺悟德的能力,但是卻具有自我主宰的主動力以及超越性的能力,筆者認為這足以建構不同於孟子的道德實踐理論。

 

關鍵字:心、禮、道德、人性論、化性起偽、理想社會

 

 

 

Abstract

     

This thesis proves that the mind is considered a moral act subject by Xunzi, and this statement successfully opened moral theory to be approached more easily. My way to prove is connecting the relationship of Xunzi’s human nature theory and social ideal theory, to explore whether he reasonably construct the social ideal theory form the human nature theory to achieve his moral ideal. Thus, in chapter 2 and 3, I would analyze each structure of Xunzi’s human nature and social ideal theory. In chapter 4, I would compare the relationship of the human nature and the social ideal theory to prove Xunzi used a method of mind knowing Li(禮) in order to establish a different moral act theory with Mencius. Lastly, I would point out that moral intrinsic is not the only one way to achieve moral act. In fact, although Xunzi think the mind lacks the ability for immediate introspection, but the mind has self-control of will and capability of out of the original condition. I think this argument can establish a different theory of the moral act with Mencius.

 

 

Key wordsMind, Li, Moral, Human nature, Hua xin qi wei, Social ideal