Balancing, Stability, and War: The Mysterious Case of the Napoleonic International System

Richard Rosecrance and Chih-Cheng Lo


摘要/Abstract
 We seek to validate four assertions in this article: (1) The threat to the stability of the international system was surely as great during the Napo- leonic imperium as it was during the period of Soviet threat, 1945-1989. (2) While actors balanced against the USSR, they did not balance against Napoleonic France, at least until the end (1813-1815). (3) The difference between the two periods cannot be accounted for in the typical manner, by regarding the post-World War II system as "bipolar" and the Napoleonic system as "multipolar"; neither system was "bipolar" in power terms; both, however, were "bipolar" in terms of threat. (4) Therefore, a new explanation is required for the presence or absence of balancing in international relations. 
  
International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 40, No. 4 (1996), pp. 479-500. 

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