從 鉅 觀 面 看 女 性 勞 動 參 與 和 性 別 角 色 態 度 之 研 究

學年度:084
校院代碼:1003
系所代碼:303201
學位類別:M
論文名稱(中):從鉅觀面看女性勞動參與和性別角色態度之研究
論文名稱(英):The Research of the Effect of Female Labor Participation of Macro-level on Sex Role Attitude
語文別:中文
學號:81615009
研究生姓名(中):李金開
研究生姓名(英):Li, Jin-Kai
指導教授(中):林素雯
指導教授(英):Lean, Su-wen
關鍵字(中):性別角色態度、女性勞動參與、家庭議題、鉅觀與微觀的連接、脈絡分析、臺灣省婦女生活狀況調查
關鍵字(英):Sex Role Attitude, Female Participation Rate, Family Issues, Macro-Micro Link, Contextual Analysis, WomeTaiwanese Women
頁數:95


提要(中):

  儘管婦女本身是否就業與其性別角色態度之間的關係在微觀層面已獲得學者們的証實,但是社會變遷的結構面上,鉅觀的探討並無定見。至於本研究以生活圈為鉅觀層面分析單位,用脈絡分析法來看地理單位中人文現象的差異----此指女性勞動參與情形的高低,是否影響身處其地區中女性個人性別角色態度的傾向是否為傳統或非傳統。
  利用民國八十一年臺灣省社會處『臺灣省婦女生活狀況調查』的二手資料來操作化成為個人微觀層面的變項,及利用民國八十年內政部『臺閩地區人口統計』的人口資料為鉅觀面地理空間單位變項,二者結合來進行分析。研究中利用 OLS迴歸分析,控制了其它相關的重要個人變項後,發現各生活圈女性就業率對女性個人的『男主外、女主內』及『丈夫處理家務上』的態度有著統計顯著性的負值;也就是說,身處於高女性就業率生活圈的婦女其在這兩個問題上有比較非傳統面向的傾向。而個人本身是否就業與該生活圈女性就業率的高低並無交互關係,也就是個人接受地區脈絡為影響力不因其是否就業而有差別。個人的工作狀態在本研究中同樣地發現降低個人男女分工性別角色態度的傳統面向。但是針對有關八個『家庭議題』的性別角色態度的迴歸分析,則無論是鉅觀女性就業率,女性個人的工作狀態及其二者交互變項並沒顯著的影響力,顯示婦女就業與『家庭議題』性別角色態度之間的相關不強,因此影響女性『家庭議題』態度的因素是需要再進一步的探討。


提要(英):

 This thesis uses contextual analysis to develop macro-micro link between female working rate(FWR) of life activity area, and personal sex role attitude. The individual variables adopted from 1992 "Women life State Investigation in the Province of Taiwan" by Social Bureau of the Province of Taiwan include the dependent variable of sex role attitude and controlled variables like work- status, marriage status, college degree, religious belief, country level and area. The independent variable of FWR of life activity area, and female divorce rate and ratio of female- male collegian number for each life activity area as marco-controlled variables all are taken from 1991 "Taiwan-Fukien Demographic Fact Book" by Ministry of The Interior of Republic of China. Through OLS regression model, after controlling other relevant macro-micro variables and interactive variable of FWR and work status, FWR of life activity area significantly decreases the traditionalism of sex role attitude of male-female labor division. However, the inter- active variable doesn't pass statistical significant level. So, female individual sex role attitude of male-female labor division will be influenced by her living life activity area's female working situation but whether she works or not doesn't affect the effect of this contextual variable on her sex role attitude of male-female labor division. However, when sex role attitudes of family issues are put into regression model, macro and micro female working degree and their interactive variable have minimum effect on sex role attitude of female family issues.